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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 8, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
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from small businesses to major corporations, what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america" from washington. giving the mayor -- getting america back to work. president obama was about to tell congress to stop the political circus and support his jobs plan. will it be enough? a black mark on britain's armed forces. an inquiry finds an iraqi man suffered appalling and gratuitous violence at the hands of the u.k. troops. on locking an age-old question. how did we become human? me agents skeletons are shedding some new light.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the world. jobs. it is the word on everyone's lips in america. certainly on capitol hill tonight. in a few hours from now, president obama will address lawmakers and the public about his plan to get america back to work. what is left to try? will a part of the gridlock break for long enough to achieve any real result? we will hear from senators from both parties. first, this report from our north america editor. >> he promised open change. what he delivered provokes pessimism. 14 million americans are out of work. the president needs to come up with solutions. his poll ratings are at an all- time low and sinking. one this week suggested 53% of americans disapprove of the job he is doing and 62% disapprove
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of his handling of the economy. 82% think the country is in recession. the reagan library republican debate, agreeing obama does not have the answers. >> america is in crisis. this president has got to go. he is a nice guy. he does not have a clue how to get this working again. >> the president's main domestic adviser told me this is very important. >> people are sitting, wondering how they will make ends meet, how they will send their kids to college. this will be an issue on the minds of americans for months to come. the president's focuses making sure today that we are doing everything we can to make sure americans are working. >> how places like richmond, virginia, to greet the plan will be politically vital for the president. it is uncertain whether obama
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will be able to repeat his trek next year. one person's electrical businesses doing very well. he wants the president to do more to create jobs. he says he has not proved to deserved a second term. >> you do not get excellence by compromise. i want to see a president willing to stand on what he was elected for without compromise. to push that agenda forth with some tenacity. with my company, if you are not getting the job done, you are not there anymore. >> very griffin lost his job designing bathrooms and kitchens 18 months ago. he voted for obama and hoped the president could pull a rabbit out of that. he fears the republican house will block plans. >> all i've seen are a bunch of adults acting like children. sometimes i am truly proud of being an american. sometimes i'm just embarrassed. what has been happening in
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congress just embarrasses me. >> no one doubts the president can deliver a good speech. people now want action. bbc news, washington. >> adults acting like children. the white house has released an excerpt of the speech and he will ask lawmakers to meet their responsibility in the face of a crisis and actually do something to help the economy. for more on just what is riding on tonight's address, i spoke a short while ago with charles schumer from new york. senator, how confident are you that in a year's time, you will look back at tonight's speech and say it led to an extra whatever million jobs in america and brought down the unemployment rate? >> i am hopeful. the president is addressing not just the congress, but the country. we have had a block of people here, i call them tea parties republicans, who seem to want to prevent anything from happening. you sort of wonder if they don't root for the failure of the
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economy. that might bring down the president. but, our politics, for all the bumps and grinds, and the partisanship, everything else, it's still has a way of working. if the president can inspire people, that will put pressure on those who have been blocking things. >> the reality is the republicans controlled house of representatives and the onus will be on democrats to come up with a package that republicans will accept, if the greater good is what you're after. >> what we have found is even when we figure out things they have supported in the past, payroll tax cut, they now seem to be against it. it is almost as if it is because president obama is president, democratic president, now they are opposing things they have always supported in the past. we are looking for things they have supported in the past and might have a chance of supporting in the future. if you had a gigantic public works program, which might be the best way to get the economy
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going, or a large one, that would work. they will not support that. >> the president came in and there was an $800 billion stimulus bill to get the economy kickstart. it didn't provide enough jobs to bring down the unemployment rate. what is $300 billion? is it too little, too late? >> we are in better shape than we were a year and a half ago because of the stimulus. the economy is not moving well. it was losing 700,000 jobs a month before that program occurred. now it is about flat. actually, during the last year and a half of the stimulus, job growth was going up 100,000, 200,000 per month. so, it will help. is it a panacea? no. i think the president has to introduce a note of realism. >> you suggested the president should be more assertive in criticizing republicans. isn't there risk that the american public is already fed
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up with washington and says, we want solutions, we don't care about your fighting. >> that would be the logical thing to say. the problem is it they will block everything to just say, to not point that out, is going to lead to continued gridlock. sometimes, when you have a group, and it is not all republicans, but it is a group in control, the only way to break through is to say, you are causing the problem, and letting our democracy work. >> ok. thank you very much for joining us. among those tea parties republicans, senator schumer said there is senator rand paul of kentucky. i asked what he would like to hear tonight. senator, the president will propose a combination of tax increases and spending cuts. it is in a hope to get this economy jump start it. what is there in the package he
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is likely to put forward? >> i have not seen the details of what is coming forward. i think it is a lot of what the attitude is toward businesses what is stifling businesses in our country right now. it is that you cannot be in favor of creating jobs unless you like the job creators. everything that seems to, from the administration is, we want to take away those deductions from those rich people. i look at it differently. i look at the american dream as something anybody can achieve. i look at the president as a product of -- of the american dream. i would see everyone rising up. it is a different philosophy and attitude. >> do you think that is the route, then, keeping tax rates low work for everybody, is that the route to stimulating the economy and creating more jobs? what has been happening the last few years has not worked. >> what we have been doing is
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not working. that is why i wanted timothy geithner to go. the policies as president has brought forward, unemployment is up, 2 million more people are out of work than were working when the president came in, he will accumulate more debt than all 43 previous presidents combined, he says he is for looking and looking back at regulation, but this last month, they added $10 billion worth of new regulations. in july, they did the same thing. we have added over $70 billion worth of new hurdles this year. these are obstacles to people doing business. it shows an unfriendliness. that is what is keeping us from keeping going. >> people see the bickering that is happening between republicans and democrats. they think that washington does not understand their problems. they offer different solutions. they want a compromise. what are you prepared to
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compromise on? >> i think there is. i have been saying for the entire eight months i have been here is republicans will have to say that not every dollar spent on the military is wisely spent or will spend. we will have to say we can reduce military spending. >> are there tax increases you can agree to? >> this is the problem. the president says the rich are not paying their fair share. that is false. we have a progressive tax -- income tax. 47% of americans pay no income tax. the rich are paying. are there anomalies? is there an individual or one corporation does not pay taxes? we can fix those. if you start from the premise and said the rich are not paying their fair share, it is false. the rich and the middle class are paying all of the income tax. >> ok. rand paul. that speech in just under an hour's time. other news, an appalling episode
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of gratuitous violence. that is how a british inquiry describe the death of an iraqi man in 2003 who was beaten and killed while in the custody of u.k. troops. this has some distressing es he had 93 separate injuries and was battered to death in british custody. this video was filmed in the day before he was killed. it was an army major who instructed the soldiers to use hoad's and stress positions, which were banned by the british government back in 1972. it shows a corporal shouting obscenities at the iraqi. acts of shocking brutality were to come. >> my judgment is they constituted an appalling episode of serious, gratuitous violence on civilians, which resulted in
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the death of one man and injuries to others. they represented a very serious breach. >> these pictures show the wounds of surviving detainee's. one was left with acute kidney failure. the inquiry found it was a violent assault that triggered his death. he was made physically vulnerable by extreme heat and the stress position. there were reports that there was a corporate failure. they said that stress positions were wholly unacceptable in any circumstances. it found that many soldiers had assault of the iraqis. even more had failed to intervene. it was a lack of moral courage. >> it is clearly a truly shocking and appalling incident. it should not happen. it should never be allowed to happen again. the british army, as it does, should uphold the highest standards. >> the inquiry found that major
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michael peoples knew they were being assaulted. he was accused of unacceptable failure. they said that if he acted when he first knew what was happening, the victim would have most certainly survived. they say he ought to of known what was going on and that the corporal was violent and tried to cover up what he had done. >> no doubt the prosecutions are reading that report right now, and they will be considering the war crimes of torture and humane treatment, and submitting to grossly humiliating behavior, as there are a number of people who have every reason to be very worried. >> in the middle east, a family still grieving. his father had to identify his son's battered body. >> [inaudible]
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>> his children are now orphans. the former soldier who tried to resuscitate their father expressed his remorse. >> [inaudible] i will live with that for the rest of my life. buried in iraq's holiest city. reporting his death is a big step toward accountability. the scandal is not yet being laid to rest. bbc news. >> also today, nato forces in afghanistan have admitted that the bbc reporter killed in july in the south of the country was shot dead by a u.s. soldier who was looking for a suicide bomber. ahmed omed khpulwak was caught up in a suicide attack. initial reports suggested he was killed by the taliban. you are watching "bbc world news
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america." on tonight's program, keeping new york safe. 10 years after 9/11, we get access to see how the city is being protected from almost every angle. russian president dmitry medvedev says there must be an approval for aviation safety. this comes a day after people were killed when the plane failed to take off and crashed into the banks of the river. the president said the number of russian air carriers must be reduced radically and urged it must be done in the shortest time possible. we report now from the scene of the crash. >> in the river, the search continued into the morning, not for survivors, but for wreckage of the plane and the bodies. dmitry medvedev had been at a political conference. he began his day here.
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at the site of the aircraft, he laid rose's and bowed his head in honor of the dead. later, the president criticized the safety record of russian airlines. he warned that if his country could not produce reliable aircraft, it would have to buy foreign-made planes. the jet had crashed here in a ball of flames soon after takeoff. 43 of the 45 people on board were killed. among the dead were players, coaches, and officials for one of russia's's top ice hockey teams. the team had a canadian trainer and star players from sweden, slovakia, and the czech republic. today, fans gathered outside the club's stadium in flowers, lighting candles, and they stared in disbelief that their hockey team had been wiped out. russians have been used to hearing of disasters like this,
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planes crashing, pleasure boats sinking. this tragedy has caused particular shock and anger here with the plane crash wiping out almost an entire ice hockey team. bbc news. >> this sunday, the world will mark the 10th anniversary of the 9/11 attack. today, some chilling messages from that they were released. many of these recordings have not been heard before. they paint a dramatic picture of the confusion and the horror of events. >> september the 11th, at 8:13 in the morning, air-traffic controllers lose contact with american airlines flight 11, not far from new york. then, a telephone call from the plane itself. it is an attendant. >> the cockpit is not answering. somebody is back in business
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class. we can agreed. i don't know. i think we're getting hijacked. >> shortly afterward, it hit. >> nobody moved. everything is ok. if you make any moves -- just a quite. >> the voice of the man of the plane's controls stunned air traffic controllers trying to understand what was happening. >> we have a problem here. we have a hijacked aircraft headed to new york. we need you guys to scramble some f-16's or something. >> is this real world or exercise? >> this is not an exercise. >> it was his first day on the job. >> i saw myself as standing in the middle of that floor, mostly trying to comprehend what the heck was going on. >> as events unfold, battlement and disbelief. >> can you look out your window right now? can you see about 4,000 feet
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away, it looks like he is -- >> i see him. >> that is another situation. >> wow. >> it just came apart. >> 10:30, orders go out to shoot down hijacked aircraft. >> the commander has declared that we can shoot down aircraft that do not respond to our direction. copy that? >> copy that. >> there were none left to shoot down. >> as this weekend's anniversary approaches, the country and new york will be on a heightened sense of alert. the police commissioner's spoke to the bbc about concerns that al qaeda could attempt an attack. a massive security operation is being rolled out to be prepared and our security correspondent got an inside look. >> new york on alert. a city where the fear of attack,
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especially in the next few days, is high. >> we want to prevent another attack from happening here. we are not afraid to be visible about that. >> in this is a search of policing. in your face, like new york itself. he watches patrol cars from every precinct gather at the square. with a signal, the pullout. three times a day, dozens of new york city police cars and go across the city like this to key locations. it is a show of force designed to deter any terrorists thinking of attacking the city. >> we have been given access to the counter-terrorism workers. on the ground, underground, all the water, in the air. out on helicopter patrol, the challenges in protecting the city of 8 million are clear. >> that is the george washington
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bridge. very famous. very critical. it is always a potential target for terrorists. >> beneath us, the still-visible scar of ground zero. 10 years ago, another police helicopter witnessed the attack. >> my god. the whole tower. >> it has led to a fierce determination not to allow terrorists to slip through the net again. >> we want people to know -- >> at his command center, with screen showing live surveillance images of theity, new york's intelligence from osama bin laden's sect has heightened concerns for the anniversary. >> we're worried specifically some of the materialingth becaue
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out spot checks on subways. bags complete mess. so, i would say a polite, "no, thank you" to being unplugged ever again. >> [laughs] [all speaking korean] >> and as the yangs prepare to return to their normal wired-up world, they're considering a permanent change in the way the household operates. >> [speaking korean] >> from now on, i think we should have rules-- rules on how much time we can spend a day on the net. let's say 30 minutes a day. >> really? >> what do you think we should do? >> we should have 5 hours. >> no way. >> 6 hours. then an hour a day. >> only an hour a day. >> it's an hour between the two of you--one hour in total. >> no, no. >> everyone can have 30 minutes each--me, your brother, and you. >> we'll have an hour each, and mum and dad can have 30 minutes each. >> yes, sir. that's fair. >> the experiment with our brave
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south korean volunteers have taken part in has showed how, for good and for ill, the internet has become such an integral part of so many aspects of daily life here-- leisure, education, shopping, and socializing. let's see if in a few brief weeks it has begun to make the same sort of impact on the villages of gitata in nigeria. >> it certainly has. >> i was thinking as if i was alone. but now i found myself in the midst of people. there is no difference between the city and the village now, heh, with this present of mobile phone. anything you get in america, i will get it in gitata. >> one major problem has developed, though. there's forecast to be 1 1/2 billion new internet users in the next 2-3 years, double the current
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total. most of those will be in the developing world where, as for the villagers here, network providers often demand payment to get into websites. and there's the other cost of getting the mobile phones recharged. so, moses, tell me. how much does it cost for you to get access to the internet? >> it costs me only 500 naira to get access to internet in gitata. >> 500 naira. we're talking roughly $5.00. is that the same for you? >> yes. it's the same because we can't get the charge card very cheap here. it's very costly in gitata. >> and you'd consider $5.00 to be very expensive for someone like you. >> yes. is very, very expensive. >> but let's look for a shop where we can get some recharge credit, and then we'll take it from there. >> ok. >> hello. please, do you have mtn recharge credit? how does it make you feel that in the rich world, the internet is so cheap, but in the poor world, in developing countries,
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it's so expensive? >> well, i feel very sorry for the developing countries. since the internet in the developed country is at the subsidized rate, but in the developing country is so expensive that the poor man that cannot have access to internet. and if you have access to internet, you get so many information. and information is power. [drums playing] >> if our families in south korea have discovered from this whole experiment that there are compensations to an internet-free life, the experience of the people of gitata has reinforced the enormous benefits to be had from being connected online to the rest of the world, if they can afford it. >> i have experienced it. i enjoy it. i like it. i get so many informations. my people are connected to part of the world. and if this mobile phone will
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not--i will not have access to this, i will feel as if i'm not part of this world. >> so, the internet has changed your life. >> changed, really, really changed my life. >> unfortunately, we've come to the end of this project. >> yes. >> but before i go, i do have some good news for you. and the good news is, we want gitata to stay connected through nicholas and moses. >> thank you. >> so, we're going to have you keep those mobile phones. >> all right. >> but there's one condition. you have to keep in touch with us. >> all right. >> all right. >> we promise-- >> you promise to keep in touch. >> yes. >> send me an email every now and then, and enjoy the rest of the world. >> thank you. yes. [flutes and drums playing] [indistinct chattering]
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